Stiff Goldenrod, Rigid Goldenrod, Hard-leaved Goldenrod
Solidago comes from the Latin word solido meaning "to strengthen; to make solid". Rigida is the Latin word for "stiff; unyielding".
|Sun Exposure||Prairie, Savanna|
|Soil Moisture||Wet Mesic, Mesic, Dry Mesic, Dry|
|Max Height||4 feet|
|Seeds Per Ounce||41,000|
Very common in the eastern Us and the eastern portion of the Tallgrass biome on dry prairies, dry open woods, along roadsides and in disturbed areas. Yellow to yellow-orange flowers appear at the top of the plant in slightly rounded, dense clusters that can be several inches across; blooms from August to October. Leaves are alternate on the stem and are sparsely toothed and leathery.
A lotion was made years ago from Stiff Goldenrod for treating bee stings. Prior to that, early settlers made a thick tea from the leaves to treat swollen throats.
This species is invasive that increases in grazed pastures because it is only eaten in its early stages of growth.
Edible Uses: Unknown
Medicinal Uses: The leaves and blossoms are antiseptic, astringent and styptic. A valuable remedy in the treatment of all kinds of haemorrhages. The flowers have been ground into a lotion and used to treat bee stings. An oil obtained from the plant (is this an essential oil?) is diuretic. The root is cathartic and diuretic. A decoction of the root has been used as an enema. An infusion has been used to restore the flow of urine.
Other Uses: A good quality rubber can be made from a latex that is obtained from the leaves. Mustard, orange and brown dyes can be obtained from the whole plant.
Herbal Uses: Unknown