"Old Field Goldenrod, Gray Goldenrod"
|Sun Exposure||Prairie, Savanna|
|Soil Moisture||Dry Mesic, Dry|
|Max Height||2 feet|
|Germ Code||C(60), D|
|Seeds Per Ounce||300,000|
Short species (1-1/2 to 2 feet) of goldenrod with one-sided plumes of small yellow flowers blooming from July to November. Most prevalent in old pastures, dry or sandy soil, dry open woods throughout the Tallgrass prairie region. Tiny leaflets conspicuous in leaf axils; leaves opposite and become progressively smaller as they move up the stem. Grayish colored stem; unbranched below flower heads.
Goldenrods spread by both seeds and rhizomes. When grown in prairies, savannas and meadows, Goldenrod is not invasive in a sunny, mesic/dry location and is amazingly hardy.
Goldenrod is a host plant for a number of beneficial insects and is used as a food source by a number of moth and butterfly caterpillars. Goldenrod will often be covered with bees, wasps, flies and butterflies sipping nectar when it is in bloom. Other insects including Praying Mantis, Lacewings, spiders, beetles and parasitic wasps utilize it for both habitat and food.
Goldenrod is a late season pollinator, thus provides nectar for many beneficial insects in late summer when other plants are dormant. it's pollinated primarily by insects.
Although considered a weed by some, Goldenrod has earned a reputation as a prized garden plant by gardeners worldwide providing swaths of gold color covered with buzzing insects. When including Goldenrods to your garden, avoid supplementing with additional water.
Historically Goldenrods were unjustly believed to be the cause of hay fever, however, Ragweed (Ambrosia, sp.) is the true hay fever culprit which blooms at the same time as Goldenrod. Ragweed’s pollen is wind-born; Goldenrod's pollen is too heavy and sticky to be blown in the wind.
Edible Uses: Unknown
Medicinal Uses: Unknown
Herbal Uses: Unknown