Cream Wild Indigo (Baptisia Leuchophaea) is found on prairies throughout the Tallgrass region with cream-colored, drooping 1- to 2-inch flowers on a one foot spike from May to June. Can reach 3 feet in height, but is normally about 1 foot tall. This species detatches from the root base during the dormant stage and the dried plant is tumbled about by the wind to disperse the seeds.
Used medicinally by Native Americans to treat cuts and some fevers. The Pawnee ground the seeds into a pulp with buffalo fat and rubbed the resulting salve onto the abdomen to treat colic. It was at one time a cultivated species.
|Sun Exposure||Prairie, Savanna|
|Soil Moisture||Mesic, Dry Mesic, Dry|
|Bloom Time||Spring, Summer
|Max Height||2 feet|
|Seeds Per Packet||10|
|Seeds Per Ounce||1,400|
Edible Uses: Unknown
Medicinal Uses: An ointment made from the ground seeds is applied to the stomach in the treatment of colic. A tea made from the roots is used in the treatment of typhoid and scarlet fever. The leaves are astringent and are applied externally to wounds etc.
Recent research suggests that the plant can stimulate the immune system.
Herbal Uses: Unknown